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genealogy of the Bird and Musgrove families
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The Origin of the name - Sandeman

The name 'Sandeman' is usually considered to be Scottish but actually may have originated in Denmark.

The name is believed to have first appeared in Scotland with my 9 x great grandfather, John Sandeman, who was born in Alyth in northern Perthshire about 1603.

In Black's Dictionary of Surnames of Scotland it states, "The first of the name may have been an incomer from Denmark. In Jutland the sandemaend 'men of truth' were a constant institution, and had in the local parliament to swear about murders, assaults,rapes and the like".  

The Sandemaend, or truthsmen, of Jutland, consisted of eight members, nominated by the king for each division of the country. They had jurisdiction over criminal cases, disputes concerning land and church property, etc.  They were judges of both law and fact.  The verdict of the majority was received as a final judgment.  They are believed to have been a very early example of a jury system being used to uphold the law. 


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