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Pip, Squeak and Wilfred

These are the main medals issued after World War 1 with a description of who was entitled to them.






1914-15 STAR

The 191415 Star was a campaign medal of the British Empire awarded for service in World War 1. It was issued to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served in any theatre of the War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915 (other than those who had already qualified for the 1914 Star).  

Recipients of this medal also received the British War Medal and Victory Medal  it was never awarded on it's own. These three medals were sometimes irreverently referred to as Pip, Squeak and Wilfred with Pip representing either this medal or the 1914 Star; Squeak represented the British War Medal; and Wilfred  represented the Victory Medal.












1914 STAR

The 1914 Star (colloquially known as the Mons Star) was a British Empire campaign medal for service in World War 1.

The 1914 Star was issued to officers and men of British forces who served in France or Belgium between 5 August and midnight 22/23 November 1914.  The former date is the day after Britain's declaration of war against the Central Powers, and the closing date marks the end of the First Battle of Ypres. 

The majority of recipients were officers and men of the pre-war British army, specifically the British Expeditionary Force (the Old Contemptibles), who landed in France soon after the outbreak of the War and who took part in the retreat from Mons (hence the nickname 'Mons Star'). 

A very similar medal, the 1914-15 Star, was also issued, but no person could receive both awards.









BRITISH WAR MEDAL

The British War Medal was a campaign medal of the British Empire, for service in World War 1.  The medal was issued to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who had rendered service between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918.

Officers and men of the Army (including colonial and dominin forces) were required to have either entered an active theatre of war, or left the United Kingdom for service overseas, between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918, and completed 28 days mobilised service.  The medal was automatically awarded in the event of death on active service before the completion of this period. The same criteria were applied for eligibility for staff of officially recognised non-military hospitals, such as those run by the Red Cross, and members of the women's auxiliary forces. 











VICTORY MEDAL

The Victory Medal (also called the Inter-Allied Victory Medal) is a United Kingdom campaign medal. The basic design and ribbon was also adopted by Belgium, Brazil, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, Italy, Japan, Portugal, Romania, Siam, Union of South Africa and the USA in accordance with the decision of the Inter-Allied Peace Conference at Versailles (a Winged Victory).  A particular form of this historic Greek monument was chosen by each nation, except the nations in the Far East who issued the medal but with a different design. The dates of the war were in every case 1914 to 1918, except that of the British Empire, which gave the dates as illustrated (1914 to 1919).

The medal was issued to all those who received the 1914 Star or the 1914-15 Star, and to most of those who were awarded the British War Medal - it was never awarded singly. 

To qualify for the Victory medal one had to be mobilised in any service and have entered a theatre of war between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918. Women qualified for this and the other two medals, for service in nursing homes and other auxiliary forces.


Source : Photo's and majority of text from Wikipedia.



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